Liesbeth Heering (2001)
First Lessons from a Multi-Country Project on the Determinants of Migration*
In: Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 26, 3-4/2001, p. 367-375, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, ISSN: 0340-2398
The Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) and the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat) were entrusted by the Commission of the European Communities to study the direct and the indirect causes and mechanisms of international migration to the European Union (1994-1999). The objective of the study was to improve the understanding of the push and pull factors of international migration from an internationally comparative perspective. The results are intended to provide tools for estimating future migration, and to serve as a basis for the development of policy instruments.
The study carried out surveys both in countries which are predominantly senders of migrants (Egypt, Morocco, Turkey, Ghana and Senegal) and in receiving countries of international migrants (Spain and Italy) on processes of migration. In Spain, migrants from Morocco and Senegal were interviewed, in Italy migrants from Ghana and Egypt. Secondary analysis in the Netherlands includes Turkish and Moroccan migrants. The survey focussed on the following aspects: migration networks, the role of information, the economic situation prior to migration, and the migration motives and intentions.
The advantage of the current research approach is that the surveys are carried out in several countries, both at the sending and at the receiving end, in more or less the same period, and that comparable survey instruments are used. The data gathered therefore offer numerous possibilities for analyses on specific subjects.
* Original title: Erste Erkenntnisse aus einem Mehrländerprojekt zu den Determinanten der Migration (full text in German only)