GSB 7.1 Standardlösung

Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)

Intergenerational Relationships and Gender Roles in Germany

The present changes in living arrangements are characterized by such things as a rising number of single people, non-married cohabiters and, in particular, an increasing number of childless people. The demographic developments that are influenced by this produce a rising percentage of elderly people compared to those of working age. Against this background, the Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) is intended to use up-to-date data to provide information about fundamental demographic behaviours as well as the factors influencing these developments. The survey is focussed on the relationships between children and their parents (generations) and relationships in couples (gender).

The GGS was conducted in Germany for the first time in 2005 on behalf of the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) by TNS Infratest Sozialforschung. A second survey was held in 2006 among the Turkish population living in Germany. In the years 2008/2009 and 2009/2010, the second wave of both the core survey and the survey of the Turkish population living in Germany were conducted. As of 2020, new GGS waves will be conducted with a newly drawn sample. In preparation for that, the BiB is currently conducting a methodical pre-study.

The GGS sees itself as the follow-up of the Family and Fertility Survey (FFS), which was conducted in 1992 in Germany, also by the BiB. Like its predecessor, the GGP and the GGS were initiated by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in Geneva. The coordination of the GGP and GGS is run by the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI).

The GGS data of the first and second waves are provided for scientific purposes by the Population Activity Unit. Information, user registration and the possibility for online analyses can be found at

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